November 29, 2017
By: Juliette Jagger
As far as iconic Canadian pop songs go, “Sweet City Woman” from The Stampeders is a bonafide classic.
Released in 1971, the song put the Calgary group on the musical map.
Formed in 1965 as The Redbounds, the group changed their name to The Stampeders before relocating to Toronto in 1966. Throughout the 1960s, musicians and artists of all types flocked to Toronto’s Yorkville neighborhood from across Canada and the U.S. to take part in the city’s buzzing counterculture scene.
During those early days, the band was able to secure a pair of minor hits with tracks “Morning Magic” and “Crosswalk,” but it wasn’t until the decade’s end when they went from a six-piece to a trio that things really started to take off.
“Our older bandmates, Ronnie’s brother, Kim’s brother, and our bass player, decided they were getting on and wanted to leave the band and go back to Calgary,” says guitarist and vocalist Rich Dodson. “So, that left the three of us—Ronnie [King], Kim [Berly], and I—to either go on or pack it in. We definitely wanted to go on with it, so we just flipped coins to see who was going to play what instrument and took it from there so to speak.”
Without their former bandmates to rely on musically, the three remaining members of the group had no choice but to hone their songwriting skills and better their recordings if they wanted to give The Stampeders a serious go.
“At the time, we had our own independent label, MWC (Music World Creations), so we cut a distribution deal with Quality Records and decided we were going to get into the studio to write a record and sort of flog it on our own.”
Late night recording sessions meant the band could get cheap studio time, which suited their circumstances, and the resulting 12 tracks became The Stampeders’ hugely successful debut album, Against The Grain.
“After ‘Carry Me’ came out, our distributor wanted the second single to be something really happenin’,” says Dodson. “We knew we wanted ‘Sweet City Woman,’ but the label was up and down about releasing it because of the banjo.”
Written in Dodson’s basement apartment near Bloor and King Street in Toronto, the song’s infamous banjo line was actually an on the fly decision he made on the way to the studio.
“I had originally written that part as a guitar lick,” he says. “We were recording the album at Toronto Sound Studios and one day, on the way over, I rented the banjo because I just thought it would sound cool. It really was that wide-open back then.
“In those days it was like, ‘Hey, maybe we should put a tuba on this track?’ But then someone would come along and say, ‘Oh you can’t do that because you’ll never get played on CHUM-FM with a tuba on your record.’ Luckily, The Beatles had already gotten away with that sort of thing so I just went for it, banged that thing off in a couple of takes, and it was like, ‘Wow. That really works!’”
In spite of the label’s initial apprehension, Quality Records eventually agreed to release “Sweet City Woman” as the album’s second single and the track erupted across the Canadian airwaves.
In the wake of the song’s chart-topping success in Canada (“Sweet City Woman” peaked at No. 1 on both the Adult Contemporary and Country charts) a representative from Bell Records in New York flew up to Toronto to meet with the band.
“The folks from Bell came to see us at our rehearsal space downtown,” says Dodson. “They loved the track and wanted to know if they could pick up the rights for the States. When they released the song in the U.S., that’s when ‘Sweet City Woman’ really broke through and we had our first Billboard Top 10.”
Meanwhile at home, the band opted to release a French language version of their newly minted hit record. Having performed at Montreal’s famed Expo 67 a few years prior, The Stampeders had developed a steady following in the Quebec market.
“I love Montreal,” says Dodson. “I’ve always had a sweet spot for that place. That city was good to us in our early days, and so the French part of the song, ‘bon ci bon,’ is sort of a little nod to them.”
When pressed on the identity of his sweet city woman, Dodson played coy.
“I think I was writing about all the Toronto gals,” he says jokingly. “For us, as a country rock band from Calgary coming down east to the big city, it was an exciting time. There was a lot going on in Toronto in those days. At four in the morning we’d go downtown and hang out at the Nickelodeon and watch Ronnie Hawkins and stuff like that––you could always catch someone playing. That was our headspace and we just loved Toronto, so ‘Sweet City Woman’ came together around all of that.”
The following year in 1972, the song went on to win a handful of Juno Awards including, Best Single, Songwriter of the Year (Rich Dodson), and Record Producer of the Year (Mel Shaw), with the band being named Canada’s Top Group overall. In the 35 years since the song’s original release, “Sweet City Woman” has sold more than three million copies worldwide. In 2006, the song was inducted into the Canadian Songwriter’s Hall of Fame and to this day remains one of the most recognizable Canadian songs of the 1970s.